Dr. Raymond Hames primary research is on the native peoples of the Venezuelan Amazon (Yanomamö & Ye'kwana) with funding from the NSF, LSB Leakey Foundation, and Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation. His research interests are in behavioral ecology, food & labor exchange, human ecology, marriage, and kin and parental investment. He regularly teach courses on social structure, contentious issues in anthropology, warfare, and introductory cultural anthropology. He was the past-president of the Evolutionary Anthropology Society of the American Anthropological Association, consulting editor for Human Nature, and for ten years served as treasurer of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society.
Russo is expert in plant ecology, diversity and ecophysiology, especially of forests. Much of her work has been conducted in a rain forest in Borneo. She recently participated in a worldwide study of 673,046 trees on six continents that showed trees grow faster as they age, increasing the contribution of older trees to the Earth's carbon cycle. Another recent study examined the relationship of ectomycorrhizal fungi with a family of tropical trees that proliferate in southeast Asian rain forests.